Master of Belizean Arts

Master Pen Cayetano – a true and universal artist

In 2013 Pen Cayetano received the MBE, one of the awards still given in Belize, which recognizes the umbilical cord that ties Belize to Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II as Head of the Commonwealth of Nations. Delvin “Pen” Cayetano, however, has always been a son of the soil from the coastal plain of the town of Dangriga in southern Belize. In this brief essay I describe three stages in Pen’s metamorphosis – forming Punta Rock between 1970s and 1990; widening the scope of his combined ingenuity in music and painting in Germany between 1990 and 2009; and returning to Dangriga from 2009 to the current time.

One of Pen’s unique traits is that he was self-taught as an artist. The capacity to learn from within one’s cultural environment accompanied Pen from Belize to Europe and back to Belize. Wherever he lived, he has been able to take from his surroundings to deepen his understanding of himself as a roving cultural ambassador and to embellish his art. These are the marks of the genius – the true and universal artist.

The world started becoming aware of Pen’s gift in drawing as a pupil in primary school before he reached the age of ten. Within a setting that narrowly emphasized the 3 R’s, his teachers would have merely tolerated such an exigency, repeatedly pointing out to him that good grades in reading, writing, and arithmetic would do him better as an adult as against spending time on his art. But Pen persisted and did not give up.

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Pen’s additional gifts in music as well as being a cultural critic flowered as a young man during the 1970s.  He was earning a modest livelihood as a painter using turtle shells, among other materials as primary medium. But he was also conscious of a growing rift between the youth and older folk around the use of music, a fundamental mode of cultural expression among the Garifuna people . In acting as an intermediary between the two age’s sets, Pen used his deep musical talent to retain traditional Garifuna rhythm but to hasten the tempo slightly using the variegated sounds emanating from turtle shells. This marked the birth of Punta Rock. The older folk could continue with the rhythm while the youth could also enjoy the stepped up rocklike beat coming through electronic amplification. Pen was using the transcendental quality of the true artist to use culture to consciously build peaceful overlaps between conflictive elements within one people. Like wild fire Punta Rock caught and raged throughout Belize during the 1980s and afterwards, although most people did not know about its genesis.
In 1990 Pen migrated to Germany, the birthplace of his wife Ingrid, together with their two boys Ibo and Beni, and daughter Mali. The challenges all of them faced were overwhelming and demanded quick and methodological response. Here Pen’s innate self-taught skills, which he had honed in Dangriga, came to the rescue. There was a thirst for Afro-Caribbean painting and music within groups in the artistic communities that Ingrid and Pen joined.

But it was the children, who most would benefit from the wide ranging opportunities that surrounded them within their new environment. All three took basic music lessons in school and later had individual lessons in the recorder,
guitar, singing, and drumming. Simultaneously Pen and Ingrid consolidated the grounding of their children in Garifuna music and painting. As a result, Pen was able to keep his growing family anchored within the matrix of Garifunaduáü (Garifunaness). With the formation of the family band, “The Cayetanos” he built the next generation of himself within his children. Not many artists accomplish this feat of self-regeneration and Pen has certainly done so quite well. This 1989 Pen painting 002
again is a mark of the true and universal artist.
In (2009) Pen and Ingrid ended their sojourn in Germany and returned to Dangriga, leaving Ibo, Beni, and Mali with their university studies in Germany. During this third period of his life Pen has restlessly continued with his cultural metamorphosis. This time he has widened the scope to include opening an excellent art gallery. Together with Ingrid he teaches youth art, music, dance, and textile. Murals are another medium on which Pen has concentrated. In November 2012 he unveiled his highly ambitious and extremely well executed piece entitled “Hayawadina Wayunagu” (Imagery of our Ancestors) at the Town Hall in Dangriga. In 2013 he followed with the mural “The original Turtle Shell Band, 1981” at his Studio.
To explain his current re-generation in the artistic field Pen adds, “My perspective is that Dangriga will become the centre of art and music in Belize”. Long known as the cultural capital of Belize, Dangriga to Pen – the true and universal artist - has another projection on which he and his family are hard at work. The children – now well acclaimed artists in their own right – periodically visit to drink from the well of cultural inspiration that their parents continue to maintain in Dangriga.
  J.O. Palacio, PhD, June 16, 2013

Biographical dates:

  • 1954 born in Dangriga, Belize
  • 1960 - 69 Primary education Holy Ghost school, Dangriga
  • 1970 freelance work as musician and artist (self-taught)
  • 1980 creation of Punta Rock music
  • 1990 -2009 residency in Ahrweiler, Germany
  • July 2009 residency in Belize Member of Bildkunst, Gema, Bscap


Achievements and Awards by Pen Cayetano

2013 Mural “The original Turtle Shell Band”, Artist home Dangriga
2013 M.B.E. by Queen Elisabeth from England
2012 Mural “Hawayadina Wagunayu”, Dangriga Townhall, sponsored by the Mexican Embassy and Comex
2010 Featured in “Art in the Caribbean”, by Anne Walmsley & Stanley Greaves, New Beacon Books, England
2009 “Seremein  Luagu Sun Báfaagun  Lun  Lawanserun Rasa Garifuna”, NGC Dangriga Branch, Belize
2007 Stamp (60c) “The Original Turtle Shell Band”, Belizean Art Series, Belize
2007  Winner- “Schools cooperating with culture“, Germany , Musical theatre “Magic Dreams“- Children to the OLYMP!
2006 1. Place Winner “Art in Public Building”, Mural: “Impressions from Rwanda, Regional School Niederzissen, Germany
2004 Cover Illustration, “The Rise and fall of the Black Caribs (Garifuna), by I.E. Kirby and C.I. Martin
2003 Award for Creation and Master of Punta Rock, National Institute of Culture and History (NICH) and the National Garifuna Council                    
2001 Artist in Residence St. Vincent, UWI Scholarship
2000 Special Award for Outstanding Leadership in Creativity and Music, Da-Yabra    Entertainment Los Angeles, USA
1998 Garifuna World Music Award, Legendary Award
1996 Citation from Belize College of Arts, Science and Technology for outstanding contribution in the development of Belize
1995 “Pioneer of the Year”- Certificate of appreciation for outstanding and dedicated Service from Double Star Production
1986 Citation from the National Garifuna Council of Belize for outstanding contribution in the field of Culture and Music